What is dengue?
DENGUE is a mosquito borne disease and is spread by the dengue virus. This virus can be found in mosquitoes and in some infected animals, but primary source of the virus is a mosquito. Once a person is infected, it can be diagnosed only after 3 days and in some cases, it might take 13-14 days to show symptoms.
Dengue fever is a global problem affecting millions of people every year across the world. It is a serious disease warranting even blood transfusion in acute cases.
Antiviral drug to cure dengue quickly and completely is yet to be formulated though the disease is treated with multiple remedial measures. There are attempts to prevent and control and to cure the disease by deployment of various measures starting from controlling the growth of mosquitos.
Since development of appropriate remedy in curing Dengue is ongoing, some oral care treatments are suggested.
How does dengue affect the body?
When a person is affected by dengue, the first part that gets infected is the liver. The fever affects the functioning of the liver making digestion of normal food difficult, rather impossible. Moreover, dehydration also sets in to aggravate energy loss and fatigue. Though the symptoms may seem like flu like, if these initial symptoms are not addressed immediately and left unattended, more serious problems of reduction in platelet count occurs which can be cured only by hospitalization.
Symptoms of dengue
Usually the first symptom that sets in is fever. It will resemble the symptoms of flu, later the temperature rises to higher levels. When an affected person has temperature for more than 3 days without any decrease in it, doctor suggests a blood test. So, if it is dengue, there is already lapse after it sets in.
As the fever itself is detected after considerable lapse of time, it is observed in many cases that the infection of bone marrow also has set in and reduced the plate count.
A very serious symptom of dengue is profuse bleeding due to lowering of the platelet count. Reduction of platelet count starts well before the onset of the fever. The stage of dengue fever at which the bone marrow is infected, circulation of blood in the blood vessels decreases.
Consequently the blood pressure lowers leading to insufficient blood supply to vital organs. Due to infection, dysfunction of the bone marrow occurs and reduction of platelet count speeds up. Platelet count level is required to be maintained at the desired level as it is necessary for effective blood clotting and to avoid bleeding.
Since bleeding is a major complication developed during dengue fever, it is very urgent to stop bleeding by increasing the platelet count.
As the functioning of the liver becomes delicate and supply of energy to the body is urgently required, giving healthy liquids as diet is the only oral remedy available and appropriate.
Other significant symptoms of dengue are:
- Severe headache
- Pain behind the eyes
- Pain in joints all over the body
- Loss of appetite
- Rashes in the body
- Bleeding from nose and gums (severe condition)
- Damage in blood vessels
- Upset stomach
- Visible blood spots in skin
- Blood or dark blood clots in stools or vomit because of internal bleeding
- Weak pulse
How to diagnose dengue fever?
Since the symptoms are closely similar to typhoid, malaria or flu, it takes some time to identify the virus. Once affected, it hibernates and symptoms start beginning after few days.
If you have visited any tropical places in the recent times, you need to ensure that you get tested for dengue.
Usually, a doctor will ask you to visit a lab for a blood test. The lab will draw blood and test for the presence of dengue virus. If tested positive, the treatment will start immediately.
Dehydration is one of the major problems when infected with dengue virus, so it is important to consume plenty of liquids.
Importance of replenishing loss of fluids
Once the initial symptoms of indigestion and dehydration are noticed, replenishing loss of fluids in the body is highly important. It also helps in loss of energy when there is no appetite. The twin objects are fulfilled by consumption of plenty of liquids including water.
Increased intake of fluids also helps to increase the removal of toxins and virus from the body through urine. More fluid consumption leads to more excretion.
Liquids that can be consumed during dengue
Fluids can be given to dengue patients which are healthy and easily digestible. Some of them are:
It is a naturally available delicious liquid with essential nutrients and energy. Tender coconut water is electrolyte rich and boosts energy instantly. It also has the necessary chemicals compounds to calm the upset stomach. This water also reduces fatigue. 3 tender coconuts are recommended during dengue.
Tulsi tea (Holy basil)
Tulsi, also called as holy basil or sacred leaf, contains many medicinal benefits that help to alleviate symptoms. Tea prepared with this leaf, not only rehydrates but also help the immune system to improve its function. Tea can be prepared by adding few leaves in boiling water. Consume once it is cool. Raw tulsi leaf can also help you get better, but when you add it with water, it also increases fluids in your body.
It increases digestion and enhances the functioning of the liver. Lemon also increases the energy levels when feeling tired. You can plenty of water, desired amount of sugar and a pinch a salt to the lemon extract. Consume it immediately once prepared and do not store it.
It contains natural sugars that boost the energy level in a person suffering from dengue. This fruit juice can be prepared by blending with water and sugar. The consistency can be loose or watery, hence it will help to add more water content in the body.
Papaya leaf extract
We all know that the fruit form the papaya tree is very healthy and nutritious. Papaya leaf is also found to be very important when it comes to the treatment of dengue. It contains anti-microbial chemicals that help in eliminating harmful virus/microbes from the body.
Decrease in platelet count is one alarming issue in dengue patients. This papaya leaf extract is found to increase the platelet count naturally. When the platelet count increases, the immunity falls back to its normal level and helps the patient to recover quickly.
Just like lemon juice, orange juice is also an energy booster that helps to reduce fatigue. One can consume it to prevent severe fatigue.
Amla or Indian gooseberry contains high amount of anti-oxidants. This helps to eliminate harmful toxins from the body and excretes the virus through urine. It also helps to increase essential nutrients. Remove the seed inside and blend it with water. Consume it with sugar if required.
Aloe Vera juice
It increases healthy bacteria in the intestine and improves digestion. However aloe Vera has to be appropriately cured, washed and the juice prepared carefully. Click here to know how to extract Aloe Vera.
It is a nutrient rich juice and strengthens the functioning of the cardiovascular system, giving strength to the patient to withstand fatigue. It also helps to alleviate the symptoms of upset stomach. Blend the pearls with plenty of water.
As the dengue patient has difficulty in digesting solid food during fever, vegetable juices can be given which are easily digestible and help rehydration due to high water content in them.
Warm soup prepared from mixed vegetables and corn are substitutes for solid food. It is also nutrition rich that is essential for the patient.
Cow milk and goat milk
Consuming milk provides basic amount of nutrition and does not cause any harm. Goat milk is considered as a beneficial drink for dengue patients as it is believed to increase the platelet count which is an urgent need when the patient suffers bleeding.
Kiwi is very popular when it comes to treating dengue. The essential nutrients in it helps to boost platelet count effectively. Usually, this fruit is combined with flax seeds for more effective results. Flax seed contains essential fatty acids and oils that helps to boost immunity. Click here to know how to prepare kiwi flax seed smoothie to treat dengue fever. This smoothie must be consumed on a regular basis to see effective improvement in the platelet count. This remedy is proven through many researches too.
Night jasmine leaves
Night jasmine is a flower that is popular for its fragrance. It is used in many floral decorations and scared purposes. But the leaves of the plant, contains many medicinal properties that helps a person to improve platelet count when consumed on a regular basis. It is a natural analgesic and anesthetic. This leaf also reduces the paint in joints by reducing the inflammation internally. It also has the ability to treat blood pressure, diabetes, malaria, fever and indigestion, which are symptoms that come along with dengue. Click here to know how to use the leaves to treat dengue.
Other types of fluids can be:
- Glucose water, ginger tea and other herbal teas are also beneficial to enhance energy level and to improve the immune system so as to fight the disease.
- Water rich fruits like water melon, musk melon, cucumber, guava and papaya can be consumed directly without making a juice out of it.
- Last but not the least is consumption of water as much as possible which relieves the patient of dehydration.
- Along with 2 liters of water, you can boil a spoon of jeera or cumin seeds and cool it. Consuming this water is very beneficial and helps you excrete more toxins through urine.