The thyroid gland is located in your neck at the center below your Adam’s apple. Two important functions of the gland are to regulate metabolism and to maintain required concentration of calcium ions in the blood stream. Problem comes when thyroid gland does not function properly.

There are two types of malfunctioning.

  1. Hyperthyroidism – This type of malfunction happens where your thyroid glands are overactive. It means, the metabolism doubles or triples times than what is expected. As a result, hyperactivity, mood swings, insomnia, chronic tiredness, muscle weakness, sensitivity to heat, unexplained weight loss and loss of interest in sex are some of the symptoms you may be seeing.
  2. Hypothyroidism – This type of problem happens when your thyroid gland is under-active. It means your metabolism is less and calcium is not distributed properly. Symptoms may be unexpected weight gain, tiredness, depression, sensitivity to cold, dry skin and hair and muscle aches.

With the above mentioned symptoms, you can consult your physician as early as possible, so that the problem can be controlled and corrected at an early stage.

When you consult your physician, you will be asked to regularly consume tablets which contain thyroxin, which will help you regulate the thyroid gland.

There are other natural means and ways by which you can control thyroid gland. Let’s go through them one by one.

Natural ways to cure thyroid disorders

Increase exercise

First and foremost, the important thing to do if you have thyroid gland malfunction is to work out more and more. When you regulate your weight and keep your muscles active, the abnormalities seem to get controlled. Your metabolism will automatically improve. Weight regulation is very important for people who suffer from hypothyroidism.

Fruits and vegetables

Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables. Your body will need all the minerals and vitamins to set your metabolism right. Taking more fruits on your daily diet, will help you get rid of toxins too. Whenever you feel like having a snack, stick to fruit or vegetable salads.

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Iodine seems to be very important for your thyroid gland function properly. When you consume moderate amount of salt in your cooked food on a regular basis, you must be getting good amount of iodine. But if you have lessened the intake of iodine, because of blood pressure, you need to make sure to increase iodine by other means. You can supplement iodine by consuming the following:

  • Seafood and fish
  • Yogurt
  • Milk
  • Eggs


Reduce Sugar Intake

Keep your sugar intake very low. Try to eat more whole grains, which you help you reduce sugar craving. Avoid having juices with sugar, coffee or tea with sugar. At all possible situations, avoid carbonated drinks like colas and packed fruits juices.

Include beans and legumes

Different types of beans and legumes are very important for one’s daily diet even if you don’t have any thyroid issues. When you have thyroid disorder, it is very important to include a lot of beans and lentils in your diet, as the body needs all minerals, proteins and vitamins from them.

Vitamin A

Increase the intake of vitamin A in your daily diet. Carrots, Eggs, dark green leaves and yellow vegetables are rich in calcium and they are easy on your stomach too.

Zinc and copper

Not only are vitamin A and Iodine are important for the proper functioning of thyroid gland, but your body will need a good amount of Zinc and copper too.

Foods rich in zinc include: beef (range free), oatmeal, chicken (range free), seafood, dried beans, bran, tuna, spinach, seeds, and nuts.


Foods rich in copper include: organ meats (range free), eggs, yeast, legumes, nuts, and raisins.

Also see this article on how drinking water from copper vessels can help you fight thyroid disorders.

Limit your meat intake

Try to eat less meat, particularly red meat. If unavoidable or you love meat too much, just make sure any beef is lean (preferably grass-fed, since this has a more natural ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 fats), and any poultry is skinless.

All meat you consume should be raised without hormones or antibiotics. In most cases, it will be specified on the packaging that it is hormone-free, if it doesn’t specify that it’s hormone-free, you should ideally not buy those. Check the organic section for hormone-free meat options.

Thyroid is said to be a lifestyle disease. It’s always good to follow a fixed timing for food. Consume home cooked food at the maximum and make sure the food is nutritious.

  • The most common form of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder where your own immune system becomes “confused” and begins to destroy your own cells. When this is not treated properly, hypothyroidism can lead to heart disease, infertility, or obesity and puts you at risk for other autoimmune disorders
  • If you are interested in herbs to help support the thyroid gland, speak to a naturopath or a medical herbalist. Naturopaths or herbalists will be able to guide you to the specific herbs that can best support you
  • Roast or steam vegetables instead of boiling them to retain nutrients.

Eat healthy! Stay Healthy!

Ramya Srinivasan, PDGBA, earned her Master’s degree in Business. As a result of her passion in native medicine, she got her Diploma in Traditional Siddha Medicine from Bharat Sevak Samaj registered under the Indian Planning Commission. She is certified by Stanford University School of Medicine in Introduction to Food and Health.