myopia

Myopia or also known as nearsightedness is a condition in which a person cannot clearly see far objects but can see near objects definitely; this commonly occurs on people within the age group lesser than 40. It was also believed that the underlying cause for this condition is the combination of environmental factors and genetics. This condition happens when the light reflects in front of the retina instead of being on the retina. 

During recent years, myopia has reported impairing more than 25% of the world’s population and was estimated to roughly increase to 50% in the next years. This is primarily due to the inadequate knowledge of the people and insufficient funds for the programs and medications of this condition. 

Causes

The main cause for developing this condition is the environmental and genetic factors. People who have works that involve focusing on a certain close object for a long period, who usually stay at home, and who have a family history of nearsightedness will surely be at risk of the said condition. Also, according to the recent study, myopia is associated with those people with high socioeconomic class. 

Symptoms

Nearsightedness can be detected as early as childhood and is usually diagnosed during early school years until adolescence. A child or a person would experience difficulty at seeing distant objects, persistent squinting, headaches resulted from the eyestrain, sudden appearance of floaters, curtain-like shadow over the visual field, flashes of light in the eyes, and fatigue when being physically active. Thus if are already undergoing these things, then better to see a doctor as soon as possible. 

Having the eyes regularly checked every two to four years is also recommended by the experts so that people would be updated regarding the conditions of their eyes. It is also better to avoid risk factors if a person happens to experience the said symptoms. 

Treatment

Myopia can be treated by having the patient wear appropriate contact lenses and eyeglasses. For some serious cases, a person who suffers from the condition can undergo refractive surgery to have their eye sights fix permanently. 

Furthermore, the frequency of having these patients wear glasses depends on the degree of their myopia; the higher the degree their myopia is, the more frequent these patients need to wear their glasses and contact lenses. With proper clinical myopia management and choices of fitting lenses for the eyes, surely the patient will be able to enjoy their quality of life. 

Although it may seem not a serious medical condition, having ideas regarding myopia is still important. Being able to know things about the proper clinical myopia management will help those who suffer from the said conditions and prevent those who don’t have. Therefore, if symptoms persist, directly consult an ophthalmologist and try not to effectuate home remedies or DIY solutions. Additional complications such as financial burden, impaired safety, eyestrain, reduced quality of life, and an increased risk of developing other serious eye conditions like glaucoma, retinal detachment, cataracts, and myopic maculopathy, are likely to happen if this condition won’t be treated immediately and properly.

Kripa Sivasubramanian, MBA, earned her Master’s degree in Business. After a long stint in the Technology sector, she took up courses in natural medicine and yoga. Ms. Kripa is certified in Ayurvedic yoga for Dosha. She is also certified by Stanford University School of Medicine in Introduction to Food and Health.