Azoospermia is a condition that affects men. It is medical condition in which there are no active sperms/no sperms in the semen. This condition affects 5% of male population worldwide and is one of the causes of infertility in men. This condition can affect men right after puberty or any time after adulthood.

This condition is broadly categorized into 2 types. They are,

Obstructive azoospermia (OA):

This type of azoospermia is when sperm is being produced and gets obstructed from getting released because of blockage in the reproductive tube, which is the passage through which the sperm moves out.

Non-obstructive Azoospermia (NOA):

This is a condition where there is no sperm production at all or there is very less sperm produced which never make it outside through the tube. The sperm can be found inside the testicles only during surgery.

Causes of Azoospermia

Surgical complications

When surgery performed on the urogenital organs or hernia, it can sometime scar the reproductive tubes, which leads to blockage. This condition usually occurs in small babies, because their reproductive tracts are very small.


Infections that affect the testicles, reproductive tract or prostate, can cause obstructive azoospermia. This type of infection can cause blockage in the tract through with ejaculation happens.

Born with missing part

For some people the condition will be present right from birth. They might be missing some part of the reproductive organ like absence of the ejaculating tube.


This is a surgery done to stop the sperms from ejaculation. When you want to reverse, it might cause obstructive azoospermia.

Klinefelter Syndrome

This is a syndrome which causes non-obstructive type, in which there is extra X chromosome. Another genetic cause may be, there is less Y chromosome, which causes no production of sperms in the testicles.


This is a condition, in which the testicles are affected by varicose veins. This issue can lower the sperm count in many, but few people have no sperm production at all.

Testicle cancer

This is also one of the rare causes of no sperm in the testicles. Very low count of sperm or no sperm, is one of the first symptoms of cancer in the testicles.


A semen analysis will be required to diagnose the problem, which can find out the correct number of sperms in the semen. A person should be having the below mentioned symptoms to proceed for further diagnosis.

  • Unusual color of semen – yellow, green, brown or red
  • Semen consistency that is very thick or very thin
  • Bad odor that is very different than usual odor
  • Pain or difficulty in ejaculation
  • Traces of blood in semen
  • Less volume while ejaculating

Sperm DNA analysis might also be done to diagnose the DNA damage. This will determine the exact issue and treatment can be done accordingly. Oxidative stress assay (OSA) is a diagnosis which checks the level of toxins present in the semen.

After these tests, a person will be able to identify the infertility issue and take necessary steps as a treatment.


Vasoepididymal anastomosis (VEA)

This is an intricate surgery that is done by surgeons, to remove the blockage in the reproductive tract. When the block is removed, sperm will be able to move out normally without any obstruction. Performing surgery does not give any assurance that the issue will get resolved completely. There is a 50% chance for the sperm to move out through the tract to the penis.

Healthy diet

It is a well-known fact that a person needs to consume healthy and nutrition packed food for a healthy body and mind. When a male consumes healthy food, there are high chances of overcoming non-obstructive azoospermia.

Physical exercise

Continuous physical exercise helps to keep the body active and keeps all physical parts healthy. A fit body can provide enough basic nutrients to produce sperm.

Reduce obesity

Sometimes, over weight males will have problems in producing sperms. Regular physical work and consuming plenty of fluids will help to have a healthy body and reproductive system.

Herbs that help to treat Azoospermia


This is an all-natural herb that works like a supplement to boost the sex drive and libido. It acts as a powerful tonic to improve hormonal balance and energy.


Asparagus, also called as Safed musli is a natural aphrodisiac. This is a herb that is used in Ayurveda to have a healthy reproductive system. Asparagus contains, alkaloids, steroid saponin, polysaccaroids, carbohydrates and proteins. This herb, when consumed regularly can treat impotency, low sperm count and premature ejaculation.


This is a medicine that treats male infertility effectively. Ashwagandha is a powerful natural herb that treats erectile dysfunction, low sperm count and oligospermia.

There are infertility specialists consulting all around the world to treat male infertility. When nothing works out, the sperm of a male is retrieved

Kripa Sivasubramanian, MBA, earned her Master’s degree in Business. After a long stint in the Technology sector, she took up courses in natural medicine and yoga. Ms. Kripa is certified in Ayurvedic yoga for Dosha. She is also certified by Stanford University School of Medicine in Introduction to Food and Health.